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MGT Mineral Company as a major producer, supplier and exporter of several minerals and materials in the Middle East, is located in Iran. MGT Mineral Company has a lot of experience in exporting and is active in case of Gypsum supplying. 

As it is proved by its presence in the Egyptian pyramids, Gypsum has served as a vital piece of several famous construction projects throughout history. Over thousands of years, this significant mineral has demonstrated its sturdiness and versatility and has become a staple in today’s structures.

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Gypsum has been used in construction since the ancient Egypt era, where it was used in building the Pyramids. Some of these constructions are still visible over 5,000 years later, a tribute to Gypsum’s permanence as a building material.

Alabaster is a form of Gypsum which is used in building and also as a decorative material. In the 18th century, the French chemist Lavoisier began a modern research on Gypsum by studying its chemical properties. Farmers also used natural Gypsum as a soil additive to increase crop yields. 

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Iran has considerable Gypsum production and has incredible ability for exporting. MGT Mineral Company is able to manage all essential actions for exporting Gypsum.


What is Gypsum?

Gypsum is an evaporate mineral most commonly found in layered sedimentary deposits in association with halite, anhydrite, sulfur, calcite and dolomite. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) is very similar to Anhydrite (CaSO4). The chemical difference is that gypsum contains two waters and anhydrite is without water. Gypsum is the most common sulfate mineral.

Physical Properties of Lead
Chemical Formula CaSO4.2H2O
Cleavage {010} Perfect, {100} Distinct, {011} Distinct
System Monoclinic
Color White, Colorless, Yellowish white, Greenish white, Brown
Density 2.3 g/cm3
Diaphaneity (Transparency) Transparent to translucent
Fracture Fibrous - Thin, elongated fractures produced by crystal forms or intersecting cleavages (e.g. asbestos)
Tenacity Flexible
Habit Crystalline - Coarse - Occurs as well-formed coarse sized crystals; Massive - Fibrous - Distinctly fibrous fine-grained forms; Tabular - Form dimensions are thin in one direction.
Hardness (Mohs) 2
Luminescence Fluorescent and phosphorescent, Short UV=orange yellow, Long UV=orange yellow
Luster Pearly
Streak White
Magnetism Nonmagnetic

Gypsum Occurrence

The deposition of Gypsum as a direct result of the processes which take place in its formation has given rise to only limited bodies occurring widely disseminated within the earth's crust. It is concentrated into economic deposits through water transporting it in solution. There are no chemical reactions necessarily incident to its precipitation from a solution. Although Gypsum is not readily soluble in water, when once in solution it is held until evaporation causes it to be deposited. It is due to this fact that the circulatory ground water transfers it to the point of issuance of springs or into ponds and streams, from which it is carried into lakes and the ocean. When, through evaporation, these bodies of water are concentrated, the gypsum may be deposited. The processes of solution and redeposition may be repeated indefinitely. 

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Gypsum Usages:

A non-toxic mineral, Gypsum can be helpful to humans, animals, plant life, and the environment. Gypsum can be used:

  • Agricultural Gypsum Uses: Agricultural Gypsum (Calcium Sulfate - CaSO4) is one of those rare materials that performs in all three categories of soil treatment: an amendment, conditioner, and fertilizer. Soil conditioners, such as Gypsum, are seriously undervalued compared to fertilizer usage. 

  • Poor soil structure is a major limiting factor in crop yield. The bottom line to the many benefits of Gypsum is higher yield at a minimum cost. As an additive in turbid water, particularly ponds, to settle dirt and clay particles without injuring aquatic life.

  • To create orthopedic and surgical casts.
  • As a food additive. Gypsum (Calcium sulfate) is recognized is acceptable for using as a dietary source of calcium, to condition water used in brewing beer, to control the clarity and tartness of wine, and as an ingredient in flour, white bread, ice cream, blue cheese, canned vegetables, and other foods.

  • As a color additive for cosmetics and drugs.

  • A primary ingredient in toothpaste.

Gypsum also has played an interesting role in the entertainment industry. Historically, before the high-tech special effects and computer era, film producers would drop “showers” of Gypsum in front of the cameras to simulate snow storms.


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